199.Citizens Advice informed us that the EU and Switzerland still needed to “create a common institutional framework”371 Ambassador Feeg stated that such a framework would “resolve the absolutely crucial issues of dispute resolution, the accession mechanism for the future achieved or the application of the market access agreement and the supervision of these specific agreements.”372, while “some cases may be raised”. in which, from the point of view of electricity policy, the exclusion of Switzerland simply makes no sense … The reality is that there is no room for manoeuvre, because electricity is linked to the institutional agreement. 373 A study commissioned by the European Parliament`s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy concluded: “With or without the UK, the EU will be able to complete its market, achieve its climate and energy targets with achievable adaptations and maintain security of supply.” 382 Relations between Switzerland and the EU are poor. Switzerland`s access to the European electricity market is an issue that needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. However, the agreement, which everyone wants, is stalled. But what is the real importance of full market access for Switzerland`s electricity supply and what would it mean to achieve the country`s energy targets if it were done alone? At first glance, the result is reassuring. Even in the absence of an agreement on electricity, it indicates that the development of renewable energies will not be threatened and that electricity supply can be secured by about 2030. It`s still more expensive. This applies both to consumers, who have to pay higher electricity prices, and to the economy, which must expect a larger trade deficit in the electricity sector. 198.Ambassador Feeg added that the Swiss tried to change the development of the CMAC, but “everything that has not been achieved. The EU wants an internal electricity market as a coherent thing, and either you are in it and follow the rules or you are not. 369 To make an exception, “we must ensure that, as a country, we bring to the internal electricity market what is essential to the functioning of the energy market”370 However, Swiss voters have spoken in favour of the popular initiative “against mass immigration”, the EU is no longer as friendly with stubborn Switzerland.
In the absence of an institutional framework agreement governing Switzerland`s relations with the EU, Switzerland does not wish to conclude any further agreements, either in the electricity sector or in other areas. But this framework agreement, which is difficult to reconcile with the notion of Swiss sovereignty, hangs by a thread. Does this mean that the energy strategy is in danger of failure and that electricity exchanges could be affected? And what about the security of Switzerland`s electricity supply? Switzerland and the EU aspire to an environmentally friendly, competitive and safe energy supply. Both the Federal Council and the EU have announced in 2019 their target of not generating net greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. This requires significant changes in the way energy is currently produced, exchanged and consumed. Electricity, for example, is increasingly being produced from renewable energy sources.